Success! PEA’s New Garage Finished Before End of BELARE Season
Before the closure of Princess Elisabeth Antarctica (PEA) Station for overwintering, it was crucial for the BELARE team to complete the construction of the station’s new garage, located in the station’s north annex.
With the need to replace the more than ten year-old garage and workshops, which had been built on the ice to allow monitoring of the supporting glacier’s movement, the BELARE construction team concentrated all their efforts on the construction of this new specifically designed PREFALUX structure.
The new structure can cope with the glacier’s movement and hold a long-awaited heated garage (for the maintenance and repair of all machines used at the station), several workshops, a storage area, and a definitive shelter for the station’s two backup generators. Luckily, good weather conditions allowed the team to work hard and to conclude the construction process in just over two weeks!
First steps of the construction in 2019
In November and December 2019, the old garage was dismantled. In January 2020, while waiting for the delivery of the construction materials by ship, the area was cleared of snow and leveled to two different heights to prepare for the building foundations.
One of the challenges during this time was keeping the backup generators sheltered and operational in case they might ever be needed. Therefore, a remaining part of the old garage was kept intact to keep them safe from the elements until enough of the new garage had been completed and their new storage area was ready.
Arrival of the construction materials by icebreaker
After the S.A. Agulhas II (a South African ice-breaking scientific and supply ship) arrived at the coast of the Droning Maud Land on January 30th and unloaded all of its cargo onto an ice shelf, the BELARE team transported about 150 tonnes of freshly-delivered construction materials to PEA in order to start the construction of the new building as soon as possible.
In addition to the hard work of the construction crew, two machines were used to build the new garage: the Komatsu HB215LC-1 hybrid excavator and a large Terex TCC45 crane.
To create a firm anchor point on the supporting bedrock that would also allow some leeway to compensate for the glacier’s movement, the wooden beams are fastened to the granite ridge on large hinges on the eastern side. On the western side, the BELARE team prepared a proper foundation area where the wooden beams are held up by four wooden support structures and metal clogs. By regularly adjusting its height with pistons, this will allow the new garage to remain level despite the slowly moving glacier underneath that retreats both sideways and vertically by about 8-10 centimeters per year.
Once the foundation was in place, the floor was assembled, and the vertical structural wood beams were installed. Soon the whole structure was already ready for the roof to be put on, which was then covered with an EPDM membrane (an extremely durable rubber roofing material) to protect the new structure from moisture infiltration and damage that could be caused by snow or ice. Soon after, the BELARE team installed large folding doors that hermetically seal the building’s entrance to keep the heat in and the snow out!
The team also started putting the finishing touches to the structure, such as insulation in the walls, as well as structures inside to compartmentalise the garage.
By February 16th, the new garage was completed and ready for overwintering. By that time, the second group of scientists had already left the station and the last 16 members of the BELARE team were left to begin the technical operation of the station’s overwintering.
Functions of the new durable building
One of the biggest advantages of the new garage is that it will be heated starting next season! This was indispensable for the proper maintenance of all the machines and for the working comfort of the mechanics who will work there. When all the finishing touches on its interior will be put in next season, the new building will also host a wood and a metal workshop, and a storage area for tools, equipment and spare parts for machines.
Building this structure under such a tight schedule was very challenging, but ended up being a great success. It represents the final, most important achievement of the BELARE 2019-2020 expedition!
Picture: Outside of the new garage as it nears completion - © International Polar Foundation